Anxiety presents itself differently from person to person. It can range from butterflies in your stomach to panic attacks. It is a normal human emotion of fear, nervousness, or worry but it can get out of control.
There are several types of anxiety disorders. Generalized Anxiety Disorder is the most common. These disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S. affect nearly 1 in 5 adults.
- Anxiety disorder due to a medical condition
- Generalized disorder
- Panic disorder
- Selective mutism
- Separation disorder
- Social phobia
- Specific phobias
- Substance-induced anxiety disorder
- Other specified or unspecified anxiety disorder
- Feeling nervous, restless or tense
- Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom
- Having an increased heart rate
- Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)
- Feeling weak or tired
- Trouble concentrating or thinking about anything other than the present worry
- Having trouble sleeping
- Experiencing gastrointestinal (GI) problems
- Having difficulty controlling worry
- Having the urge to avoid things that are trigger
The cause of these disorders are not fully understood. Traumatic events can trigger episodes in people prone to it. In some people, anxiety is linked to a health issue and may be the first signs of a medical illness. Sometimes it can be a medication side effect.
Medical Illnesses Linked to Anxiety
- Heart disease
- Thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism
- Respiratory disorders, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma
- Drug misuse or withdrawal
- Withdrawal from alcohol, benzodiazepines or other medications
- Chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome
- Rare tumors that produce certain fight-or-flight hormones
The two traditional treatments are psychotherapy and medications or a combination of the two. Most recently, studies have been done on the effects of CBD. A study posted in the National Institute of Health – U.S. National Library of Medicine looked a 49 studies on the effect of CBD on anxiety. This review demonstrated CBD’s efficacy in reducing anxiety behaviors relevant to multiple anxiety disorders.